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Key Policy Data

Feb 11, 2015


In Fiscal Year (FY) 2015, Tennessee collected $21.3 billion in state and local taxes. While this is an impressive sum of money, it tells us little about whether or not the average Tennessee taxpayers can afford this level of taxation.

 

 

Click here to view tax burden data by state, type of tax, and for years 1950 to 2015

 

As shown in Chart 1, Tennessee’s state and local tax burden (tax collections divided by private sector personal income) was the fifth lowest in the nation for FY 2015 at 11.4 percent—or -21 percent below the national average of 14.4 percent.

 

Chart 1 Tennessee State and Local Tax Burden FY 2015.jpg

 

#TN #taxburden in FY 2015 was the 5th lowest in the nation at 11.4%— -21% below national average http://bit.ly/2oxXkde @keypolicydata #TNleg (click to tweet)

 

As shown in Chart 2, Tennessee’s tax burden has increased over time by 31 percent to 11.4 percent in FY 2015 from 8.7 percent in FY 1950.

 

Chart 2 Tennessee Tax Burden by Type of Tax FY 1950 to 2015.JPG

 

#TN #taxburden has increased 31% between FY 1950 to 2015 to 11.4% from 8.7% http://bit.ly/2oxXkde @keypolicydata #TNleg (click to tweet)

 

Click here to view tax burden data by state, type of tax, and for years 1950 to 2015

 

As shown in Chart 3, Tennessee’s 11.4 percent tax burden is greater than these combined industries: retail trade (7.3 percent), accommodations and food services (3.7 percent), and utilities (0.2 percent).

 

Chart 3 Tennessee State and Local Tax Burden vs. Major Industry FY 2015.JPG

 

#TN #taxburden > combined industries: retail, accommodations/food service, and utilities http://bit.ly/2oxXkde @keypolicydata #TNleg (click to tweet)

 

Tennessee’s low state and local tax burden is driven primarily by the fact that it does not have a broad-based state individual income tax—though the state does tax interest and dividends, called the Hall income tax.  More good news for taxpayers, the Hall tax is being phased out with the 6 percent rate falling to 5 percent in 2016 with full elimination by 2022. Additionally, relative to the national average, the property tax burden is -33 percent lower (3 percent vs. 4.4 percent, respectively) and ranked as the 7th lowest in the country.

 

 

However, Tennessee’s tax burden would be even lower were it not for the corporate income tax which was 40 percent higher than the national average (0.75 percent vs. 0.53 percent, respectively) and ranked as the 8th highest in the country. Additionally, the sales tax was 37 percent higher than the national average (4.4 percent vs. 3.4 percent, respectively) and ranked as the 10th highest in the country.

 

Of course, the tax burdens for local government can vary just as much as they do among the 50 states. As such, we have also calculated the local government tax burden for every county in Tennessee—this includes every taxing jurisdiction within the geographic county borders whether it is a city, a special district, or county government itself.

 

The Tennessee counties with the highest local government tax burden include:

 

  • Sevier County, TN (9.4 percent)
  • Madison County, TN (7.4 percent)
  • Haywood County, TN (7.1 percent)
  • Lake County, TN (7 percent)
  • Shelby County, TN (6.4 percent)
  • Putnam County, TN (6 percent)
  • Perry County, TN (5.9 percent)
  • Anderson County, TN (5.7 percent)
  • Hardeman County, TN (5.7 percent)
  • Lauderdale County, TN (5.4 percent)

 

The Tennessee counties with the lowest local government tax burden include:

 

  • Fayette County, TN (1.8 percent)
  • Williamson County, TN (2.4 percent)
  • Lincoln County, TN (2.7 percent)
  • Meigs County, TN (2.7 percent)
  • Cannon County, TN (2.8 percent)
  • Unicoi County, TN (2.9 percent)
  • Trousdale County, TN (3 percent)
  • Tipton County, TN (3 percent)
  • Union County, TN (3 percent)
  • Grainger County, TN (3.1 percent)

 

Chart 4 Tennessee Local Tax Burden by County FY 2015.JPG

 

Click here to view tax burden data by state, type of tax, and for years 1950 to 2015

 

 

Finally, don’t forget to watch our exclusive time-lapse video of state and local tax burdens over the last 65 years! See if your state has been above or below the national average?

 

 



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